František Janeček was born on January 23, 1878 in Klaster, a small village in Bohemia (now the Czech Republic). He studied mechanics in Prague, receiving his diploma from the Engineering College in Berlin.While serving on the Italian front during World War I, he developed a series of models, patenting over 60 inventions - including an improved hand grenade, which became a standard issue for the Czech army.


After the First World War, the demand for weapons decreased, so skilled labor and factories in Europe focused their precision production techniques on the developing world of motorcycles.In 1929, Janicek was attracted.Combining the first two letters of "Janicek" and "Wanderer," the first Jawa motorcycle was designed - the Jawa 500 OHV.


To serve the masses, Janeček knew he needed a lightweight and economical motorcycle.He recruited GW Patchett - a renowned British engineer with previous racing experience - to lead this initiative.From 1930 until the outbreak of World War II, Patchett was chief designer for Jawa.


The first step of Patchett towards a universal motorcycle was the use of the Villiers 175cc two-stroke engine. By 1933, the new model took off - Jawa 175 became the most popular motorcycle in Czechoslovakia. Later, Jawa discontinued the production of 500cc OHV. With Villiers, the new Jawa transformed to six horsepower at 3,750 rpm.


Under Patchett, the Jawa research and development team began designing engines in-house.Additional models were introduced, largely based on 250 and 350cc two-stroke engines. The factory also produced sophisticated four-stroke overhead-cam racing machines in very limited numbers during this period.These machines contributed to establishing Jawa's reputation for brilliant engineering and exceptional maneuverability.This newfound confidence led Jawa to enter factory race teams at the Isle of Man TT races in 1932, 1933, and 1935.


Janeček developed Jawa 350 SV four-stroke in partnership with Patchett. In the same year, Jawa motorcycles participated in consecutive events on the Isle of Man.

1939-1945 The era of World War II

The outbreak of World War II put a pause on Jawa motorcycle production, but not on their development. Although the Jawa factory was forced to produce armaments under the Nazi occupation of Czechoslovakia, Janeček continued to work in secret, driven by his passion for innovation.His next range of motorcycles would be called Jawa "Perak".

In 1941, the world has lost a legend!

Janeček succumbed to a long-term illness and breathed his last on June 4.

1946 - Janeček's dream came true.

Perak made it's public debut at the 1946 Paris Auto Show, where it won a gold medal. With a piston suspension in the rear, telescopic forks in the front, a square-section steel frame, and a now-legendary multi-disc wet clutch integrated into the gearbox, which allowed for clutchless shifting. Designed by J. Josíf and J. Krivka, the Perak was built around a new 249cc two-stroke engine and gearbox.

1948 - Czechoslovakia under communist control

Jawa was nationalized. Although exports to the US was declined behind the Iron Curtain, exports to third world countries increased. The two-stroke models were joined by advanced twin 500cc OHV four-strokes.Note: I assume you want me to translate the same text you provided earlier in Romanian, just in English.

1952 - 4-stroke engine

Jawa 500 ohv banner model 1952The Jawa range has become even more formidable with advanced twin 500cc OHV four-strokes joining the existing two-stroke models.

60's and 70's Motocross championship

The 1960s and 1970s saw Jawa-CZ take the motocross and enduro world by storm, securing eight first-place finishes in six-day events and six world motocross titles.Backed by legendary racing success and track reliability, Jawa motorcycles have been exported to 120 countries around the globe. Jawa also ventured into road racing with exotic two-stroke engines in a V4 configuration.

1960-1971 Jawa entered into a licensing agreement with Ideal Jawa Ltd.

Founded by Rustom and Farrokh Irani, Ideal Jawa began importing Jawa motorcycles to India. Recognizing the demand, Jawa established a factory in Mysore in 1961 with the support of the king at the time, Jayachamarajendra Wodeyar.Between 1961 and 1971, Ideal Jawa produced 250 Type 353/04 under license. Jawa motorcycles quickly gained a reputation for being robust, simple, and indestructible.The Jawa 250 was the top choice for urban commuters, and many brave racers won at home on the Jawa 250, inspired by the European racing scene.Fariborz Irani, CK Chinappa, and Somendar Singh were some of the household names that made the famous brand in racing with these motorcycles on all kinds of terrain.By 1971, the Ideal Jawa company produced and sold the new motorcycles under the name "Yezdi" with technical assistance from Jawa.

1970 - 2017

Chained by export restrictions during the communist regime, Jawa pressed on, eventually surviving. Many famous models – such as the iconic Californian – have helped to keep alive the mystique surrounding the brand. To this day, Jawa motorcycles continue to be manufactured in several parts of Europe.

From 2018 to Present

The Jawa motorcycles are currently manufactured by the Czech company Jawa Moto. This company was established in 2018 and took over the Jawa brand, relaunching the production of motorcycles under this name.The Jawa motorcycles manufactured today have the same classic design specific to the brand, but are equipped with modern technology such as electronic fuel injection and ABS disc brake system. They are particularly appreciated by retro motorcycle enthusiasts and collectors.Thank you for your interest!

Istoria vehiculelor Jawa

"Reîntoarcerea legendei pe două roți: Jawa - Pasul tău spre aventură!"